Answers to Any Questions You May Have On Raising Cattle | Livestock

A lot of people all around the world are turning into livestock farming as other means of making a living. Others can just going back to the basics of living because its much cheaper taking into account these economic times.Beginner farmers when starting on cattle farming can have all lot of questions about how to go about in raising healthy profitable cattle. Well wonder no more because this article will give you answers to the questions you may have.The Cattle:Before you buy you cows you should make up your mind on what you want to achieve from your project. Do you want to get into cattle farming to produce milk or do you want to produce beef. Or maybe you want to breed your cattle. And again make up your mind on if you are going to raise grass-fed cattle, corn-fed cattle or barley-fed cattle.

Your cattle need to be provided with plant proteins as dietary supplements. When raising cattle for milk you should make it a point that you feed you cows with grains because this increases their milk production.You should also make the right decision when choosing a cattle breed. Some cows can easily become ill in certain weather conditions whilst others don’t. So do your research on what climate you are in and what type of cattle strive best in that climate.The Land:Do you have enough land to raise your cattle? If you are planning on raising your cattle on pasture then you should have enough land to feed all of your cows. To have large land requires you to have a lot of money.You also have to build a livestock barn in the land you have chosen to raise your cattle. Prices of the shelter vary from sizes to quality. So make sure you have enough money to invest in a livestock barn that can be suitable for your livestock.

Economics:In order to make money you should sell your cows for the right market price. Your cattle can be sold to other livestock farmers or large corporations, but you have to know the right price to sell your cattle. Online forums and ranches can help you in deciding the right price for your livestock.Hope this article has given you some answers to the questions you have in raising your own cattle. As you can see raising cows can be done, with the right information you can be a successful cattle farmer.

The Masai Are Probably the Most Colourful of All the Tribes in East Africa | Livestock

They roam freely on the savannah from country to country, from place to place with no consideration for customs rules or state borders. For centuries the Masai, in contrast to the Kikuyu, Luo, and other tribes were able to maintain ancient customs and a way of life which has existed for centuries.However the onslaught of civilization has meant that Africa is running out of tribes who have managed to preserve their culture, identity and ancient ways of life. One of these tribes is the Masai, sometimes spelt Maasai who to this day remain a primitive tribe of warriors living mainly in Tanzania and Kenya. The majority of the tribe which in total consist of about 100,000 people live in border areas of Tanzania and Kenya, in areas dominated by the huge mountain of Kilimanjaro.
According to one report, the Masai originate from Egypt specifically the upper reaches of the Nile, somewhere between the lands of modern Sudan and Eritrea. This goes somewhere to explain why, just like the inhabitants of those Northern African regions, Masai women shave their heads remove their two lower front teeth.Masai people consider themselves to rank the highest and most noble tribe in Africa. They do not mix with European’s or any other Africans they regard as being from lower class tribes eg the Kikuyu, Meru, Kalenjin, Luyha, Luo, Kisii, Kamba, Swahili or Turkana.. They believe and indeed are entirely convinced that God gave them all the animals in the world. Furthermore this belief allows them to indulge, quite legitimately in the theft of cattle from other tribes without fear of retribution by the Kenyan Law.They live from rearing cattle and other livestock. And because of their nomadic lifestyle they have developed a total lack of interest and in fact are completely unfamiliar with crop growing and agriculture.The Masai home is always temporary place of residence. Every 3-4 years, when the pastures are depleted, the tribe moves on to another location and a new village is built. See the picture below of a typical traditional Masai home.

They build small villages or camps which will be home to between five and seven families and their cattle. It consists of a group of very low huts which they construct from small branches and brushwood, supported by a framework of sturdy branches. This is then covered with manure, clay, mud and dry cattle dung. The entire camp is then surrounded by a coral (kraal) of thorns and prickly bushes in order to keep out lions, leopards and other wild animals. Their huts have no windows, but they do have a fireplace which is located in the centre or near sleeping area. Their beds are on the hard mud floor and covered with the skins of animals.Whilst the men tend to the cattle it falls on the women to build the family home and having no beasts of burden to assist them they have to carry all the material required for the job on their backs. Traditionally the basic diet of the Masai is cow’s milk however when there is a shortage of milking cows in the village the warriors will add the blood from the animal and mix it with its milk. Sometimes they drink the pure blood which they extract from a vein, by making an incision usually in the bull’s neck and using a gourd as the vessel to catch it. This is supposed to give the warriors great strength. They seldom eat meat, their cattle are considered far too valuable to slaughter for food.Whenever there is a marriage in the tribe by tradition, the tribe collectively will present the couple with a cow as a dowry. After marriage the husband can let his wife take care of a few cows from his herd, but they still belong to him. In general it’s the children who take care of small animals. Starting at the early age of 3 it’s the young ones who tend the cattle and herd them around the nearby grazing lands. When the children reach the age of between 7 and 8 years, they pierce their ear lobes with a tool made from the cow’s horns. The hole is expanding gradually with pieces of wood until, over time, the lobe is stretched so much, not only with wood but also heavy ornaments, that sometimes the lobe reaches down to the shoulder. The larger hole in the ear lobe, the more respect the person is given and the more beautiful it is seen to be.The number of wives a male Masai has depends on the size of his herd. Women should be fit and strong enough to take care of all animals and children; they are required to carry water and firewood for the fire. Women are regarded as far less important as their husbands who are soldiers first and foremost, even in peace time. The men tend to do very little physical work but rather prefer to spend hours in conversations with other warriors on the savannah.The relationship of the tribe is based on a strict set of rules. The Tribe itself is made up of several groups of men who are all around the same age. The most important event for these young men is the ceremony of dedication and circumcision.After the circumcision the young Masai warriors leave their homes, armed with spears, sticks and swords to make their life on the plains where they will take care of the livestock. A warrior who manages to kill a lion receives the tribe’s highest honour and is then entitled to wear a head band made from the lion’s mane during ritual ceremonies.After the early initiation test, the men become like brothers forming a very close community. Members of the community must pass a series of tests to advance in the hierarchy of the tribe, each of which can take up to 15 years to achieve. They have a kind of ranking order beginning with a young warrior then a senior warrior, an old warrior, a master warrior – and the elders. In the old days a young man in the tribe could not be regarded as a man until he had managed to kill a lion with his spear.An important attribute of the tribe are the ornaments they wear. Men and women spend much time Masai decorating themselves. Women wear their hair short and prefer precious jewellery: long necklaces, earrings, silver, head bands and bracelets. Male soldiers on the other hand have long hair.

Years ago the Masai owned land in the Serengeti valley, in the vicinity of the Great African fault known as the Rift Valley. In the nineteenth and early twentieth century, they were able to survive and prove to the Europeans, mainly the British and the German colonists their right to inherited land of their ancestors. But unfortunately they have not been able to resist the onslaught of civilization towards the end of twentieth century. Over the past 30 years the Masai have been evicted from much of their land. The rich white tourists coming to Kenya and Tanzania on safari want “to see wild animals, not the evicted Masai.Throughout the savannah, camping sites, bungalows and Lodges began to appear and the Masai soon realised that lions, antelopes, gazelles and tourists were more important than themselves. Left without a livelihood, many engaged in poaching.Maasai tribes have coexisted with nature for thousands of years, and now they see themselves frantically begin to destroy it. Their own livestock cannot support them, now elephants and rhinoceros horns are sold on the black market. And now the rhinoceroses in the Maasai lands are nearing extinction and the numbers of elephants have been reduced dramatically.
Today throughout Kenya and Tanzania the Masai are being hired as security guards to work in expensive hotels. Many work to entertain the visitors with traditional dances in hotels and theatres.Increasingly, you can see people dressed in red clothing complete with shields and spears, guarding the perimeters of many of the new luxury hotels which have sprung up over recent years.
Only in the remote corners of Savannah will you find a few nomadic people whose life still remains in its original form, following the ancient ways of life of the once formidable and very well-known tribe in East Africa -the Masai tribe []

What Every Beginner Cattle Farmer Should Know Before They Get Started In Raising Cattle | Livestock

Raising cattle for a living has gained a lot of momentum amongst people who want the benefits that come with raising your very own cows.The nice thing about raising cows is that almost anyone can do it. Weather you were raised in an urban area with no past experience in raising livestock you can get started today in raising this animal.But before you too jump into becoming a cattle farmer you should know that there is a lot that is needed to raise healthy cows. You should have a plan before hand and know what type of cattle breed you want to raise and how much money you are welling to invest. You will have to invest money in so many thing when starting out since as land, feed and the equipment used in raising livestock.

There are a lot of advantages to keeping cattle for a beginner farmer. One of the advantages is that cattle feeding is cost-effective because their main food is grass which can be found almost any where.This means the first thing when deciding to raise cattle is to make sure that grass is available. And on the positive side cows that are grass fed produce good quality meat that is loved by consumers because there are no chemicals.A lot of people who buy cattle prefer grass fed cows because of their big returns in investment and they can use them to breed other cattle, so make sure you also choose cattle breeds that prosper on grass.Also make sure that your cows are well taken of. If your cows are taken care of they can naturally fight of diseases that are prone to affect cattle. This means you should have a licensed veterinarian come check your cattle to make sure they are getting all the nutrients needed and are free off ticks.

Just remember that the earlier you spot an illness in one of your cows the better because you will reduce the possibility of it spreading to the other livestock.Cattle also need some shelter to be protected from very hot and cold temperatures. The shelter you build can be simple but large enough to accommodate your livestock.The house can have two sides with one section open for summer seasons (so the livestock can get cool themselves) and the other section closed for winter (so the livestock can get warm).